Латинско-русский словарь Дворецкого
 
 
a
to, at
A.B.
Artium Baccalaureus Bachelor of Arts
(B.A. / BA / A.B.)
a.c.
ante Christum - before Christ
a.i.
ad interim - in the meanwhile
a.m.
ante meridiem - before noon, in the morning
A.M. - Ave Maria - Hail Mary
A.M.D.G.
ad majorem Dei gloriam - for the greater glory of God
a.r.
anno regni - in the year of the reign
a.r.r.
anno regni regis /reginae - in the year of the reign of the king /queen
a.u.
anno urbis - "The year of the the city"
a.u.c.
ab urbe condita / anno urbis conditae - from the founding of the city (of Rome)
ab
from
ad inf.
ad infinitum - to infinity
ad infin.
ad infinitum - to infinity
ad int.
ad interim - in the meantime, meanwhile
ad lib.
at pleasure
ad libit.
at pleasure
ad libitum
at pleasure
ad loc.
at the place
ad val.
to the (correct) value
AE
aetatis - aged, of age
aet.
aetatis - aged, of age
ag.
argetnum - silver
an.
anno - in the year
aq.
aqua - water, in water
as.
arsenicum - arsenic
au.
aurum - gold
aur.
aurum - gold
B.A.
Baccalaureus Artium - Bachelor of Arts
B.C.L.
Baccalaureus Civilis Legis - Bachelor of Civil Law
B.D.
Baccalaureus Divinitatis - Bachelor of Divinity
B.L.
Baccalaureus Legum - Bachelor of Law
B.Lit.
Baccalaureus Litterarum - Bachelor of Literature (or Letters)
B.LL.
Baccalaureus Legum - Bachelor of Laws
B.M.
Baccalaureus Medicinae - Bachelor of Medicine
B.Mus.
Baccalaureus Musicae - Bachelor of Music
B.Phil.
Baccalaureus Philosophiae - Bachelor of Philosophy
B.S.
Baccalaureus Scientiae - Bachelor of Science
B.Sc.
Baccalaureus Scientiae - Bachelor of Science
B.V.
Beata Virgo - Blessed Virgin
B.V.M.
beata Maria virgo - Blessed Virgim Mary
C
centum - one hundred (Roman numeration)
c.
circa - around (about, approximately)
caput - Chapter
centum - one hundred
C.R.
Custos Rotulorum - Keeper of the Rolls
C.V.
curriculum vitae - course of life
ca.
circa - around (about, approximately)
Cantab.
Cantabriegensis - of Cambridge
Cantuar.
Cantuariensis - of Canterbury
Cap.
caput - Chapter
cca.
circa - around (about, approximately)
cent.
centum - one hundred
cf.
confer - refer to, compare, consult
Ch.B.
Chirurgiae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Surgery
Ch.D.
Chirurgiae Doctor - Doctor of Surgery
Ch.M.
Chirurgiae Magister - Master of Surgery
Coad.
coadjutor
coch.
cochleare - a spoonful (in medicine)
cochl.
cochleare - a spoonful (in medicine)
con.
contra - against
conf.
confer - refer to, compare, consult
corol.
corollary
Coss.
consules - consuls
ct.
centum - a hundred
Cu.
cuprum - copper
cum d.
cum dividendo - with a dividend
CV
curriculum vitae - course of life
cwt.
centum weight - Hundredweight
D
five hundred (Roman numeration)
d.
denarius, denarii - a penny, pence
D.C.L.
Doctor Civilis Legis - Doctor of Civil Law
D.D.
Doctor Divinitatis - Doctor of Divinity
D.D.D.
dono dedit et dedicavit - he/she gave and consecrated as a gift
D.G.
Dei gratia - by the grace of God
D.Lit.
Doctor Litterarum - Teacher of Literature
D.LL.
Doctor Legum - Doctor of Laws
D.M.
Doctor Medicinae - Doctor of Medicine
D.Mus.
Doctor Musicae - Doctor of Music
D.O.M
Deo Optimo Maximo - to God, the best, the greatest
d.s.p.
decessit sine prole - he/she died without issue
D.Sc.
Doctor Scientiae - Doctor of Science
D.T.
Doctor Theologiae - Doctor of Divinity
D.V.
Deo volente - God willing
d.v.p.
decessit vita patris - he/she died during the lifetime of the father
DEI GRA
Dei gratia - by the grace of God
del.
delineavit - he/she drew it
DG
Dei gratia - by the grace of God
(A part of the monarch's title, it is found on all British coins)
dwt.
denarius weight - Pennyweight
e.g.
exempli gratia - for example, for instance
ead.
eadem = id. - below
Eblan.
Eblanensis - of Dublin
Ebor.
Eboracensis - of York
et al.
et alibi - and elsewhere
et alii - and others (men), et aliae - (women), et alia - (things)
et seq.
et sequens - - and the following
(use et seqq or et sequa. if "the following" is plural)
(et seqq / et sequa. - et sequentes / et sequentia )
etc.
et caeteri - and others, and so forth
et caeterae - (female items)
et caetera - (neuter items)
ex g.
exempli gratia - by way of example, for instance
F.D.
Fidei Defensor, Fidei Defensatrix - Defender of the Faith
(a part of the monarch's title, it is found on all British coins)
fe.
ferrum - iron
fec.
fecit - he/she made/did it
ff.
foliis - on the following pages
FID DEF
Fidei Defensor, Fidei Defensatrix - Defender of the Faith
Fid.Def.
Fidei Defensor, Fidei Defensatrix - Defender of the Faith
fl.
floruit - he/she/it flourished
(means the period of time during which a person, school, movement or even species was active or flourishing)
flor.
floruit - he/she/it flourished
gtt.
guttae - drops (in medicine)
h.e.
hic est, hoc est - this/that is
H.J.
hic jacet sepultus /sepulta - here lies buried
H.J.S.
hic iacet sepultus /sepulta - here lies buried
H.M.P.
hoc monumentum posuit - he/she erected this monument
H.R.I.P.
hic requiescit in pace - here rests in peace
H.S.
hic situs - here lies
h.t.
hoc tempore - at/in this time
hab. corp.
habeas corpus - you may have the body
Hg.
hyrdargyrum - mercury
I
one (Roman numeration)
i.a.
inter alia - among other things
I.D.N.
in Dei nomine - in the name of God
i.e.
id est - that is
I.H.S.
in hac (cruce) salus - in the Cross, salvation
I.N.R.I.
Jesus Nazarenus Rex Judeorum - Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews
I.P.D.
in presentia Dominorum - in the presence of the (Scottish) Lords
i.q.
idem quod - the same as
ib.
ibidem - in the same place
ibid.
ibidem - in the same place
Imp.
imperator - Emperor
in f.
in fine - at the end
in lim.
in limine - at the beginning, at the outset
in litt.
in litteris - in a letter (or other documented correspondence)
in loc.
in loco - in its place
in trans.
in transitu - in transit, on the way
inst.
instante mense - this month
J.C.D.
Juris Civilis Doctor - Doctor of Civil Law
J.D.
Jurum Doctor - Doctor of Laws
J.H.S.
Jesus hominum salvator - Jesus, the saviour of men
J.R.
Jacobus Rex - King James
J.U.D.
Juris Utriusque Doctor - Doctor of Civil and Canon Law
J.V.D.
Juris Vtriusque Doctor - Doctor of Civil and Canon Law
K.
kalium - potassium
L
fifty (Roman numeration)
l.
lib. libra, librae - a pound, pounds
L.
latina, latine - Latin, in Latin
l.c.
loco citato - in the place quoted
L.S.
locus sigilli - place of the seal (on a document)
l.s.d.
librae, solidi, denarii - pounds, shillings and pence
lb.
librae - pounds
Lib.
liber - book
lit.
litteris - in words, in writing
Lit.D.
Literarum Doctor - Doctor of Literature
Litt.D.
Literarum Doctor - Doctor of Literature
LL.B
Legum Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Laws
LL.D
Legum Doctor - Doctor of Laws
LL.M
Legum Magister - Master of Laws
loq.
loquitur - he speaks
M
lit. mille - one thousand (Roman numeration),
M.A.
Magister Artium - Master of Arts
M.B.
Medicinae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Medicine
M.Ch.
Chirurgiae Magister - Master of Surgery
M.D.
Doctor Medicinae - Doctor of Medicine
M.O.
modus operandi - method of operating
Mus.B.
Musicae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Music
Mus.D.
Musicae Doctor - Doctor of Music
Mus.M.
Musicae Magister - Master of Music
N.B.
nota bene - please note, note well, take notice
notate bene - (plural.)
n.l.
non liquet - it is not clear
N.P.
nisi prisus - no protest
n.r.
non repetatur - do not repeat
N.S.J.C.
Noster Salvator Jesus Christus - Our saviour Jesus Christ
Na.
natrium - sodium
nem. con.
nemine contradicente - with no one speaking against
(This does NOT mean "unanimously", but simply that nobody voted against)
nem. dis.
nemine dissentiente - no one dissenting, unanimously
No.
numero - by number
non obst.
non obstante - notwithstanding
non pros.
non prosequitur - he/she does not prosecute
non seq.
non sequitur - it does not follow
O.D.
oculus dexter - the right eye
(Used in vision correction prescriptions)
O.S.
oculus sinister - the left eye
(Used in vision correction prescriptions)
ob.
obiit - he died
op. cit.
opere citato - in the work cited
Op.
opus - a work, a musical composition
Oxon.
Oxonia, Oxoniensis - Oxford, of Oxford
P.B.
Philosophiae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Philosophy
p.d.
per diem - by the day
P.D. - Philosophiae Doctor - Doctor of Philosophy
P.M.
post meridiem - afternoon, after midday
p.m.a.
post mortem auctoris - after the author's death
p.p.
per procurationem - through the agency of
P.P. - pater patriae - father of his country
P.R.
Populus Romanus - the Roman people
P.R.C.
post Romam conditam - after the founding of Rome
p.r.n.
pro re nata - as the need arises
P.S.
post scriptum - a postscript, an item written after the signature on a letter
Pb.
plumbum - lead
per an.
per annum - by year, yearly
per cent.
per centum - percentage, by the hundred
per ct.
per centum - percentage, by the hundred
per pro.
per procurationem - through the agency of
Ph.B.
Philosophiae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Philosophy
Ph.D.
Philosophiae Doctor - Doctor of Philosophy
pinx.
pinxit - he/she painted it
pp.
paginae - pages
prox. - proximus, proximo - next, in the next
pro tem.
pro tempore - for the time being
prox.
proximo mense - next month
pulv.
pulvis - powder
pxt.
pinxit - he/she painted it
Q.
quasi - as it were, almost
q.d.
quaque die - every day
quasi dicat - as if he/she should say
q.e.
quod est - which/what is
Q.E.C.
quod erat construendum - which was to be constructed
(after constructing something, normally to show its existence)
Q.E.D.
quod erat demonstrandum - what was to be proven /demonstrated
Q.E.F.
quod erat faciendum - what was needed to be done
Q.E.I.
quod erat inveniendum - what was required to be found out
q.l.
quantum libet - as much as you like
q.p.
quantum placet - as much as you please
q.pl.
quantum placet - as much as you please
q.s.
quantum sufficit - a sufficient quantity
q.v.
quod videre - "which to see"
used as an imperative, plural is (quae videre - qq.v. )
qq.v.
quae videre - "which to see"
R.
regina, rex - Queen, King
r. - rexit - ruled
r. - recipe - take
R.I.P.
requiescat /requiescant in pace - may he/she/they rest in peace
rad.
radix - root
Re
in re - in the matter of, concerning
REG
regina - queen
Rx.
recipe - take
s.
socius - fellow
S.A.
secundum artem - according to art
S.C.
Senatus Consultum - a decree of the Senate
S.C.U.
Senatus Consultum Ultimum - final decree of the Senate (martial law)
s.d.
sine die - without (appointing) a day
s.h.v.
sub hac voce - under this heading /word
s.i.d.
semel in die - once a day
s.l.p.
sine legitima prole - without legitimate issue
S.M.M.
Sancta Mater Mariae - Holy mother Mary
s.m.p.
sine mascula prole - without male issue
s.o.s.
si opus sit - if there is need, if occasion require, if necessary
s.p.
sine prole - without issue
S.P.Q.R
Senatus Populusque Romanus - the Senate and People of Rome
s.p.s.
sine prole superstite - without surviving issue
S.R.I.
Sanctum Romanum Imperium - Holy Roman Empire
S.T.D.
Sacrae Theologiae Doctor - Doctor of Divinity / Theology
s.v.
sub verbo - "under the word or heading", as in a dictionary
S.V. - Sancta virgo - Holy Virgin
Sb.
stibium - antimony
sc.
scilicet - "one may know" = videlicet - viz.
sculpsit - he/she engraved it
Sc.B
Scientiae Baccalaureus - Bachelor of Science
Sc.D.
Scientiae Doctor - Doctor of Science
scan.mag
scandalum magnatum - defamatory expressions against a person of position
scil.
scilicet - namely, to wit, being understood
sculp.
sculpsit - he/she engraved it
sculpt.
sculpsit - he/she engraved it
seq.
sequentes, sequentia - the following, the next
seqq.
sequentia - following
sine die
without a day - no date set
Sn.
stannum - tin
st.
stet - let is stand as is
stat.
statim - immediately
tal.
talis - of such
temp.
tempore - in the time of
text. rec.
textus receptus - received text
Th.D.
Theologiae Doctor - Teacher of Theology
U.C.
Urbis Conditae - from / of the founding of the City (of Rome)
U.D.
ut dictum - as directed
u.s.
ut supra - as above
ult.
ultimo mense - last month
V
five (Roman numeration)
v.
versus - against
V.C.
vi coactus - "on constrains"
used when forced to sign "or else..."
v.i.
vide infra - see below
V.R.
Victoria Regina - Queen Victoria
V.R.I.
Victoria Regina Imperatrix - Victoria Queen Empress
v.s.
vide supra - see above
var. lect.
varia lectio - a different reading
v.l.
varia lectio - a different reading
viz.
videlicet - namely, to wit, being understood
= sc. - scilicet
vox pop.
vox populi - voice of the people
vs.
versus - against
vv.ll.
variae lectiones - various readings
X
ten (Roman numeration)

 

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